Classification of dietary supplements

According to the data of 2017, the growth rate of dietary supplements in Russia is 12- 14%, which undoubtedly confirms the dynamism of the development of this branch of the economy. The market of dietary supplements is represented by a large variety of forms. So, the most popular forms of dietary supplement are tablets and capsules, then there are sublingual tablets, tinctures and liquid extracts, oils, infusions and decoctions, etc. However, the wide variety of supplements still does not allow to develop a uniform classification.  This article presents some approaches.

  1. Classification on the basis of Sanitary Regulations and Norms 2.3.2.1078-01 “Hygienic requirements of safety and nutritional value of food products”

The classification of hygienic requirements is based on the origin of the dietary supplement. According to Sanitary Regulations and Norms supplements can be divided into 11 groups based on: proteins and amino acids, lipids of animal and plant origin, digestible carbohydrates, dietary fibers, pure substances or their concentrates (vitamins, minerals, plant extracts), natural minerals, vegetable raw materials, processed meat and dairy raw materials (royal jelly, propolis), processed marine organisms, probiotic microorganisms or unicellular algae (c pyrulina).

The Register of Medicines of Russia offers a similar classification.

  1. Classification of GSM Group on physiological effects of dietary supplements on organs, systems and human body.

This classification is of practical importance and implies the division of the dietary supplement into 17 groups. In addition to dietary supplements, which affect various systems of the human body, it also includes additives used for the prevention and treatment of oncological diseases, as well as diseases of viral diseases, bacterial and fungal etiology.  In addition, dietary supplements for weight loss and body cleansing are included in this classification as a separate group.

  1. Classification of the MG 2.3.2.721-98 proposes to divide the dietary supplements by functional purpose into two groups: nutraceuticals and

Nutraceuticals are supplements used to correct the chemical composition of human food (additional sources of nutrient: protein, amino acids, fats, carbohydrates, vitamins, minerals, dietary fibers). The ultimate goal of using nutraceuticals is to improve human nutritional status, improve health and prevent a number of diseases.

Parapharmaceuticals — supplements used for prevention, auxiliary therapy and support in physiological boundaries of functional activity of organs and systems (MG 2.3.2.721-98).

Dietary supplements-parapharmacticals include, for example, eubiotics (or probiotics) — dietary supplements, which include living microorganisms and (or) their metabolites, which have a normalizing effect on the composition and biological activity of microflora of the digestive tract.

It is worth noting that the identification of dietary supplements and food additive should be avoided. Food additives are necessary to give the product certain properties and qualities, as well as to ensure the safety of components. These include emulsifiers, preservatives, etc.

Supplements are used for the purpose of enriching the diet by separate food or biologically active substances and their complexes.

References:

  1. MG 2.3.2.721-98 Determination of safety and efficacy of dietary supplements
  2. Sanitary Regulations and Norms 2.3.2.1078-01 “Hygienic requirements of safety and nutritional value of food products”
  3. TR CU 021/2011
  4. Гаммель Ирина Владимировна, Суворова Олеся Витальевна, Запорожская Лариса Ивановна Современные аспекты классификации и регулирования оборота биологически активных добавок к пище // Медицинский альманах. №1 (46). URL: https://cyberleninka.ru/article/n/sovremennye-aspekty-klassifikatsii-i-regulirovaniya-oborota-biologicheski-aktivnyh-dobavok-k-pische (date of access: 20.12.2018).

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©Beawire — March 2019